What are Combined Statistical Areas?
A Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is a large geographic region comprised of localities (townships, towns, cities) that are substantially sustained by, and dependent on, a common urban center. The concept of Combined Statistical Areas denotes our sense of major cities’ “greater metropolitan areas”.
Example: New York-Newark
For example, New York’s CSA stretches out to about Princeton in the Southwest, the end of I-80 at the NJ/PA border, up through Kingston going North, out to New Haven to the East along the US mainland, and Long Island. Within that area, communities are substantially populated by people who commute to New York City, or a larger city like Newark, New Haven, White Plains, or New Brunswick, whose own population is substantially connected to the City.
Map of U.S. CSAs
The map below depicts the United States’ CSAs, as defined in 2013. Click here to download a high-quality version.
These are the United States’ ten largest Combined Statistical Areas. It uses data from the Census Bureau (see citation below). R code here.
|New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA||22,589,036|
|Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA||18,711,436|
|San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA||9,665,887|
|Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK||8,057,796|
|Houston-The Woodlands, TX||7,253,193|
|Miami-Port St. Lucie-Fort Lauderdale, FL||6,889,936|
Census Bureau (2020) "Annual Resident Population Estimates and Estimated Components of Resident Population Change for Combined Statistical Areas and Their Geographic Components: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019" Downloaded 12/9/2020 from <https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2019/metro/totals/cbsa-est2019-alldata.csv>